His Majesty Jigme Singye Wangchuck was born in Thimphu on 11 November as prophesized by Terton Drukdra Dorji, a treasure discoverer who lived in the 18th Century.
He became the youngest monarch in the world in 1972 at the age of 16 after the untimely demise of His Majesty the Third King.
In the same year, His Majesty coined the term “Gross National Happiness.” GHN is a philosophy that guides Bhutan’s development that values collective happiness as the goal of governance, by emphasizing harmony with nature and traditional values.
In 1998, the king dissolved the cabinet to have it reconstituted, in part, through election by the National Assembly.
His Majesty led his small military machine and expelled heavily armed Indian separatist rebels in 2003.
His Majesty ordered the drafting of the Constitution for Bhutan against the wish of people in 2001.
In 2008, the country had held direct elections marking the completion of the change to a democratic system.
His Majesty abdicated throne in favour of the Crown Prince Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuk in December 2006.